Canada is one of the top places for workers from all over the world to seek jobs in, thanks to the high quality of life and wages at the level of the developed world. However, the number of immigrants arriving to the country highly depends on the situation in the Canadian labor market – since all work permits are granted by the federal government in consideration of the economy’s state. With the help of this article, you will also find out how to find work in Canada in addition to the information about the labor market situation.
Labor market situation in Canada
The majority of the Canadians are employed in the sector of services, which is a typical situation for a developed country. A large share of workplaces are generated in four provinces and their crucial cities: Ontario (7,037,600 workplaces at the end of November 2016 – all data here and further are given as of the end of November 2016, if different is not mentioned) and the city of Toronto, Quebec (4,178,700 workplaces) and the city of Montreal, British Columbia (2,391,100 workplaces) and the city of Vancouver, and Alberta (2,260,400 workplaces) together with the city of Calgary.
As for the present time, the country has almost completely recovered from the 2008 Global Financial Crisis: whereas Canada had the unemployment rate of 5.8 in 2007 (the historic low in thirty years), the country’s unemployment rate reached 6.8 percent at the end of 2016. In total, the country’s both private and public services employ more than 18,170,000 people. Considering that the majority of immigrants tend to come mostly to the four provinces mentioned above, it would be suitable to mention the unemployment rate in those regions: the unemployment rate is the lowest, among all the country’s regions, in British Columbia, which stands at 6.1% there. Quebec and Ontario slightly lag behind with the unemployment rate of 6.2% and 6.3% respectively. It would be not easy to find a job in Alberta, whereas the unemployment rate there is quite high: 9%.
Toronto and the region of Ontario has the largest number of workplaces, among other cities and regions
The average weekly wage in Canada was around $953 at the end of 2016. The following industries tend to pay higher wages in comparison to other industries: mining, oil, and gas extraction ($2,066 per week), utilities ($1,786 per week), management of companies and enterprises ($1,446 a week), information and cultural industries ($1,330 per week), as well as finance and insurance ($1,278 per week).
If you are looking for work in Canada, you should pay attention to those sectors where you can find the biggest number of vacancies. In the second quarter of 2016, those sectors were the following ones: accommodation and food services (4.5%), administrative and support services (3.8%), professional, scientific, and technical services (3.1%), retail trade (2.8%), and construction (2.7%). 87% of the Canadians who are employed in both private and public sectors work full time. 29% of the Canadian workers work in low-wage industries, whereas 20% are employed in the public sector.
Types of work in Canada
There are different types of labor contracts in Canada, and here you can have a look at the most widespread types of employment contracts in Canada:
Contract employment and freelancing. Actually, both freelancers and contract employees are hired for a specific purpose or project and during a short period of time, which is normally determined in the contract. There are should be no additional fees/taxes except of the contract fee, though a worker might choose to make contributions to the CCP (known as the Canadian Pension Plan) and EI (known as the Employment Insurance).
Permanent employment. This type of employment is the most widespread one among the Canadians. Actually, it provides benefits for health care, base salary, and other privileges from a company. The worker’s salary is a subject to the deduction of the income tax, CPP, and EI. Though, there is also a flip side of the coin: if such a worker loses his/her job, he/she will receive financial support from the government.
The majority of the Canadians work on the basis of permanent employment
Part-time jobs. 13% of the Canadians are already working part time, and part-time jobs are getting more and more popular. In fact, there are many websites and recruiting agencies that specialize mostly in finding part-time jobs. Part-time jobs can be different though: from cleaning during several hours per week to jobs with an occupation of 30 hours per week.
Temporary jobs. Immigrants coming to this country and looking for work in Canada can take on solely temporary jobs, though the contracts can be extended. This type of jobs includes seasonal jobs as well as all other occupations, yet this type of labor contracts is utilized mostly in such industries as health care, tourism, agriculture, land maintenance, and hospitality.
Volunteering jobs. Being a volunteer is popular and respected in Canada. If you have ever been a volunteer in a non-profit organization, your chances of getting hired do get considerably higher.
Ways of finding work in Canada
If you want to find a work in Canada, you can make use of the following means of finding an employer:
- Contacting Canadian companies on your own. Let’s face it: you won’t be allowed to enter the country, unless you will find a job there. Apart from different, specifically tailored programs and recruiting agencies, you might venture to try sending your CV and cover letters to the companies operating in Canada. That doesn’t require much of the research on the internet, yet your chances of getting a job are pretty good.
- Recruiting agencies. There are many of such companies in Canada, so you will find no problems in dealing with them. Yet, be ready to pay quite a decent fee for their job. If that’s going to be your first job in Canada, then you must look for a recruiting agency focusing on foreigners.
- Job fairs. If you are already in Canada or you are on a travel within the country, it would be wise to visit some job fairs in the Canadian major cities.
- Employment and Social Development Canada. ECDC offers quite many labor programs, apprenticeships, summer jobs, and so on. It’s not a bad way to start your career in Canada. Besides, you can find important tips and guides to creating CVs, completing interviews, writing cover letters, etc.
- Internet portals. There are quite a large number of internet portals, where you can find frequently posted vacancies. For instance, make use of the following ones: Career Jet, Monster, and Simply Hired.
- Newspapers and magazines. The Globe and Mail, Toronto Star, La Presse, and Le Journal de Montreal would be perfectly suitable for this purpose.
Recruiting agencies are a good, yet costly way to find a job in Canada from outside of the country
Useful sources for finding work in Canada
For the purpose of finding a work in Canada, you might consider it useful to make use of the following sources: