In case if you are looking to work abroad, working in Germany would be, indeed, one of the best options to consider. Germany is one of the few countries that did not sink into a recession during the Eurozone crisis. Unlike other major economies in the EU (such as France or Italy), Germany is dealing well with unemployment and economic growth. The economic growth of Germany is mostly supported by a large share of exports (with an overwhelming budget surplus) and a huge domestic market with a strong purchasing power. Yet, let’s get to know more about the overall situation on the labor market of Germany.
Working in Germany: the current state of the country’s labor market
Prior to getting to know the information about working in Germany, you should be aware of one aspect of Germany’s labor market: salaries and employment are higher in the Western Germany than on the East (excluding Berlin). Besides, you can get to know about the recent developments in Germany’s labor market in our news section.
In particular, you can find in that section an information, proving that the country’s labor market is booming at the present time. Germany ended the year of 2016 with a record high employment since the times of the reunification, given that less than 2.7 million people were unemployed in the country of 80.62 million. The majority of Germans reported that they do not feel that their workplaces are being threatened with 9 out of 10 respondents saying that they are sure about their employment.
At the same time, sustainable growth of the German economy is under threat in view of the following factors: aging population, global threat of protectionism and instability, the falling purchasing power of the country’s citizens, and underinvested infrastructure. And the first reason explains why Germany needs you as a worker, since the country’s government strives to attract more and more immigrants to the country.
However, the possibilities of your employment depend directly on your qualification. You can more or less easily find a job if you have graduated from a university. In the case if you are a well-qualified, well-educated worker, prospects for working in Germany are great for you. Otherwise, you will be struggling to find a suitable job.
Where should you look for a job?
First of all, let’s divide all the sources where you can find information about working in Germany and job offers into two parts: accessible through internet and accessible directly in Germany. Let’s get to know more about where you can find a job through the internet and start working in Germany.
EURES is a good source of vacancies
There are the following sources on the web:
- Job portals. Indeed, this is perhaps one of the most popular sources for job searching, not only in Germany but in every country. Among the most popular job portals in Germany, you can find such as monster.de and www.stepstone.de. Both of those portals are full of vacancies, very popular among the Germans, and completely free. Another worthy portal to consider is www.indeed.de, which works rather like a search engine among several job portals.
- Bundesagentur für Arbeit. Germany’s Federal Employment Agency is another useful source of job offers on the web. Moreover, it is the only such official source with such an outstanding number of job offers. The search engine is available in three languages on this website: German, French, and English.
- European employment agencies, or EURES. EURES is an organization dedicated to facilitating the mobility of workers and job-seekers across the Europe. Basically, this organization provides job-finding and advisory services, and the Federal Employment Agency is also a member of this large network. The organization’s website allows you to view job offers in 31 European countries, including Germany. What makes this website especially comfortable is its availability in 25 languages. Twice per year (spring and autumn), EURES takes part in organizing European Job Days. This event takes place in many European countries, and you get more chances and opportunities to find a suitable job by visiting this event in Germany.
- Those workers who have already moved to Germany or are still pondering are able to call to a hotline to ask any questions they want. In order to call a hotline, access this website or call +49 30 1815 – 1111.
As we have pointed out above, however, there are also some sources of finding a job right on the site. You can start working in Germany with the help of:
- Job fairs. Such events occur in Germany really fairly, and you can find a suitable job and start working in Germany by visiting such an occurrence. There, you get a direct contact with your future employer and you are able to present yourself in a good light. Though, it is recommended to prepare folders with the necessary documents before going to any job fair.
- Newspapers. Indeed, this means of finding a job may seem outdated, yet there can be nothing better than to take advantage of this opportunity – many German companies still post their open vacancies in the newspapers. The list of newspapers and magazines where you should look for a job includes die Zeit, der Spiegel, die Welt, Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, and Handelsblatt.
- Advertising. Instead of simply waiting or looking for a job somewhere, you can start publishing information about yourself on the internet and in newspapers. Include your qualifications, knowledge, experience, and foreign languages you know in that ad. This will present you as a potentially active employee in the eyes of your potential employers.
- Local employment agencies. There are local departments of Germany’s Federal Employment Agency, and you can get to know the address of the closest one to you on the internet. Don’t neglect going to such an agency.
- Personnel recruitment agencies. If you want to avoid headache and find a job easily, private recruitment agencies may stand in good stead. Yet, they may require you to pay the fees of up to 2,000 Euros.
It is recommended to look for a job at work fairs that are regularly being held in Germany
What documents should you bring to an interview?
If you are going to go for a job interview in order to start working in Germany, you should take the following documents:
- Passport photos;
- Copies of educational certificates (any educational information provided in your CV or knowledge of foreign languages must be certified by a certain document);
- Copies of references/testimonials;
This way look Anschreiben (a cover letter) that you need to bring to an interview
- A CV (Lebenslauf)
- A covering letter (Anschreiben).
Types of job contracts in Germany
If you are going to start working in Germany, you must be aware of what job contracts exist out there. So apart from the typical long-term employment contracts, there are the following contracts available:
- “Mini-job” or part-time jobs (Teilzeitarbeit), where employees can earn no more than 450 Euros. Typically, such contracts are applied in the occupations like cleaners, catering staff, health workers, etc.
- Temporary contracts (up to 1 or 2 years) are rapidly growing in Germany and they include both part-time and full-time jobs.
- Youth employment is also allowed for working in Germany, yet a person who wants to start working must be aged 15 or more.
- Self-employed people have just to inform Einwohnermeidamt (registry office) about their occupation.
As for the present time, specialists in the following fields have the biggest potential for working in Germany:
- Innovative engineers;
- Experts with vocational qualifications;
- Experts in IT and technology;
The following sources will be useful for starting working in Germany: